Reading List

Further reading


Bond, Helen, Jesus: A Very Brief History (London: SPCK, 2017).

Bond, Helen, The Historical Jesus: A Guide for the Perplexed (London: T&T Clark, 2012).

Donne, Anthony Le, Historical Jesus: What Can We Know and How Can We Know It? (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2011).

Fredriksen, Paula, Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews: A Jewish Life and the Emergence of Christianity (New York: Vintage Books, 1999).

Levine, Amy-Jill, Dale C. Allison and John Dominic Crossan (eds.), The Historical Jesus in Context, Princeton Readings in Religions (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006).

McGrath, James, What Jesus Learned from Women (Eugene: Cascade, 2021).

Sanders, E. P., The Historical Figure of Jesus (New York: Penguin Books, 1993).

Vermes, Geza, Jesus the Jew: A Historian’s Reading of the Gospels (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1981).

Women in the world of Jesus

Brooten, Bernadette J., Women Leaders in the Ancient Synagogue: Inscriptional Evidence and Background Issues (Chico: Scholars Press, 1982).

Ilan, Tal, Jewish Women in Greco-Roman Palestine: An Inquiry into Image and Status (Texte und Studien zum Antiken Judentum 44, Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr, 1995).

Kraemer, Ross S. and D’Angelo, Mary Rose (eds.), Women and Christian Origins (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Parks, Sara, Shayna Sheinfeld and Meredith J. C. Warren, Jewish and Christian Women in the Ancient Mediterranean (London: Routledge, 2021).

Taylor, Joan E., Jewish Women Philosophers of First-Century Alexandria: Philo’s ‘Therapeutae’ Reconsidered (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).

Female disciples of Jesus (and their presentation in the Gospels)

Bauckham, Richard, Gospel Women: Studies of the Named Women in the Gospels (London: T&T Clark, 2002).

Conway, Colleen M., Men and Women in the Fourth Gospel: Gender and Johannine Characterization (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 1999).

Corley, Kathleen E., Private Women, Public Meals: Social Conflict in the Synoptic Tradition (Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1993).

D’Angelo, Mary Rose, ‘(Re) Presentations of Women in the Gospels: John and Mark’, in Ross Shepard Kraemer and Mary Rose D’Angelo (eds.) Women and Christian Origins (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), pp. 129–49.

D’Angelo, Mary Rose, ‘Women Partners in the New Testament,’ Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 6/1 (Spring, 1990), pp. 65–86.

Fehribach, Adeline, The Women in the Life of the Bridegroom: A Feminist Historical–Literary Analysis of the Female Characters in the Fourth Gospel (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1998).

Levine, Amy-Jill with Maria Mayo Robbins (eds.), A Feminist Companion to the New Testament Apocrypha (Cleveland: Pilgrim, 2006).

Seim, Turid Karlsen, The Double Message: Patterns of Gender in Luke and Acts (Nashville: Abingdon, 1994).

Taylor, Joan E., ‘Two by Two: The Ark-etypal Language of Mark’s Apostolic Pairings’, in Joan E. Taylor (ed.), The Body in Biblical, Christian and Jewish Texts (London: T&T Clark Bloomsbury, 2014), pp. 58–82.

Taylor, Joan E., ‘Paul’s Significant Other in the “We” Passages’, in Craig A. Evans and Aaron W. White (eds.) Who Created Christianity? Fresh Approaches to the Relationship between Paul and Jesus (Grand Rapids: Hendrickson, 2020), pp. 125–56.

Mary Magdalene

de Boer, Esther A., Mary Magdalene: Beyond the Myth, translated by John Bowden (Harrisburg: Trinity Press International, 1997).

de Boer, Esther A. The Gospel of Mary: Beyond a Gnostic and a Biblical Mary Magdalene (JSNTS 60, London and New York: T&T Clark, 2004).

Brock, Ann Graham, Mary Magdalene, the First Apostle. The Struggle for Authority (Harvard Theological Studies 51, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003).

Griffith-Jones, Robin, Mary Magdalene: The Woman Jesus Loved (Norwich: Canterbury Press, 1998).

Hartenstein, Judith, ‘Mary Magdalene the Apostle: A Re-Interpretation of Literary Traditions?’ Lectio difficilior 1 (2007).

Haskins, Susan, Mary Magdalen: Myth and Metaphor (New York: Riverhead, 1993).

King, Karen, The Gospel of Mary of Magdala: Jesus and the First Women Apostle (Oregon: Polebridge Press, 2003).

Marjanen, Antti, The Woman Jesus Loved: Mary Magdalene in the Nag Hammadi Library and Related Documents (Leiden: Brill, 1996).

Schaberg, Jane, The Resurrection of Mary Magdalene (London: Continuum, 2002).

Taylor, Joan E., ‘Missing Magdala and the Name of Mary “Magdalene”’, Palestine Exploration Quarterly 146 (2014), pp. 205–22.

Taylor, Joan E., ‘What Did Mary Magdalene Look Like? Images from the West, the East, Dura and Judaea’, in Alicia Batten, Sarah Bloesch and Meredith Minister (eds.), Dress in Mediterranean Antiquity: Greeks, Romans, Jews, Christians (London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2021), pp. 257–78.

Joanna, Susanna and Salome

Bauckham, Richard, ‘Salome the Sister of Jesus, Salome the Disciple of Jesus, and the Secret Gospel of Mark’, Novum Testamentum 33 (1991), pp. 245–75.

Mary and Martha

Reinhartz, Adele, ‘From Narrative to History: The Resurrection of Mary and Martha’, in Amy-Jill Levine (ed.), Women Like This: New Perspectives on Jewish Women in the Greco-Roman World (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1991).

Taylor, Joan E., ‘The Bethany Cave: A Jewish-Christian Cult Site?’ Revue Biblique 97 (1990), pp. 453–65.

Yamaguchi, Satoko, Mary and Martha: Women in the World of Jesus (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 2002).

The woman with the blood flow

Fonrobert, Charlotte, ‘The Woman with a Blood-Flow (Mark 5:24–34) Revisited: Menstrual Polemics in Christian Feminist Hermeneutics,’ in Craig A. Evans and James A. Sanders (eds.), Early Christian Interpretation of the Scriptures of Israel: Investigation and Proposals (JTNTSup 148; Stanford: Standford University Press, 1997), pp. 121–41.

Schiffman, Larry, ‘Matthew 9:20–22: “And Behold, a Woman Who Had Suffered from a Hemmorhage,” – The Bleeding Woman in Matthew, Mark, and Luke: Perspectives from Qumran and Rabbinic Literature’, in R. Steven Notley and Jeffrey P. Garcia (eds.) The Gospels in First Century Judaea (Leiden: Brill, 2016), pp. 5–19.

Mary the mother of Jesus

Kateusz, Ally, Mary and Early Christian Women: Hidden Leadership (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019).

Kearns, Cleo McNelly, The Virgin Mary, Monotheism, and Sacrifice (Cambridge: CUP, 2008).

Shoemaker, Stephen J., Mary in Early Christian Faith and Devotion (New Haven: Yale, 2016).

Phoebe, Junia and Prisca

Epp, Eldon J., Junia: The First Woman Apostle (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2005).

Gooder, Paula, Phoebe: A Story (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 2018).

Kearsley, Rosalinde A., ‘Women in Public Life in the Roman East: Iunia Theodora, Claudia Metrodora and Phoebe Benefactress of Paul’, Tyndale Bulletin 50 (1999), pp. 189–211.

Seabourne, C., ‘New Directions in Redaction Criticism and Women’, Theology 119 (2016), pp. 335–41.

Whelan, Caroline., ‘Amica Pauli: The Role of Phoebe’, JSNT 49 (1993), pp. 67–85.

Yii-Jan, Lin, ‘Junia: An Apostle before Paul’, Journal of Biblical Literature 139 (2020), pp. 191–209.

Women in the early church

Clark, Elizabeth A., Women in the Early Church (Minnesota: Liturgical Press, 1983).

Cohick, Lynn H., Women in the World of the Earliest Christians: Illuminating Ancient Ways of Life (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2009).

Cooper, Kate, Band of Angels: The Forgotten World of Early Christian Women (New York: Atlantic Books, 2013).

Hylen, Susan E. ‘Women διάκονοι and Gendered Norms of Leadership, Journal of Biblical Literature 138 (2019), pp. 687–702.

Kateusz, Ally and Confalonieri, Luca Badini, ‘Women Church Leaders in and around Fifth-century Rome,’ in Joan E. Taylor and Ilaria L. E. Ramelli (eds.), Patterns of Women’s Leadership in Early Christianity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021), pp. 228–60.

Kroeger, Catharine. ‘Bitalia, The Ancient Woman Priest’, Priscilla Papers 7, 11–12.

Miller, Patricia Cox (ed.), Women in Early Christianity: Translations from Greek Texts (Washington, D. C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2005).

Madigan, Kevin and Osiek, Carolyn, Ordained Women in the Early Church: A Documentary History (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005).

Osiek, Carolyn, Margaret Y.MacDonald and Janet H. Tulloch, A Women’s Place: House Churches in Earliest Christianity (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2006). Payne, Philip B. ‘Vaticanus Distigme-Obelos Symbols Marking Added Text, Including 1 Corinthians 14.34–5,’ New Testament Studies 63 (2017), 604–25

Taylor, Joan E. and Ilaria L. E. Ramelli (eds.), Patterns of Women’s Leadership in Early Christianity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021).


Kateusz, Ally, ‘Disappearing Women at the Raising of Lazarus’

‘Cerula and Bitalia – Women Bishops?’, Wijngaards Institute for Catholic Research